Dynamic Arts - Jumping
Go take a running jump, is good advice if you want to get into Parkour or Free running, so to begin…

Running jump, gap jump (Saut de Détente)

What a long jumper does, except we do it over obstacles or gaps and don’t often find a nice sandpit to land in.

It is extremely important to know how far you can jump before leaping from rooftop to rooftop. Practice with a tape measure if necessary, and measure your first few jumps before you leap!

A good running jump can clear a car. How good depends on whether it’s a Dinky or a Hummer. The current world record long jump is just under nine metres, which is an extremely long way to jump and to absorb the impact from, but it does show that massive and improbable looking jumps are possible. However, do not be fooled into thinking you can make it just because someone else just has. It is highly likely that you can’t. A good jump depends on specific strengths, skills and in some cases unflappable courage. If you possess all of these qualities in greater abundance than the observed, go for it!. Otherwise, don’t. Instead, look at conditioning to improve your jump and survive to be magnificent another day.

There are three styles of running jump: the normal one footed take off, a two footed take off, and an intermediate jump known as a split-foot jump

 

Standing jump

A standing jump is a two foot take off and landing. It can be used to clear long gaps, high obstacles or both. The standing long jump record is around three and a half metres. The standing high jump, or standing jump onto an object is around one and a half metres.

Precision or accuracy jump (Saut de Précision)

A standing jump with a small take off and landing zone, often two parallel walls or handrails. A precision jump has a running or static start, and a static finish. The landing should be clean and without the little shuffle forward or topple over backwards that cost gymnasts Olympic points.

If you are unable to see your landing point from the take off, it is a blind jump (saut aveugle).

Precision run

A run or series of hops from one foot to the other over raised walls or posts, like equispaced bike railings or safety bollards.

Arm jump, Cat leap (Saut de Bras)

Leap at a wall, grab the top and land with your feet just below your hips, using wall friction to keep position. An arm jump is most often performed onto a wall but equally possible onto a rectangular pillar, lamppost or pole. See pillar climb in the climbing section for more info.

An arm jump can also be done onto parallel horizontal bars, like a railing or other ladder-like arrangement. Be careful with this in the wet, as a slip can deliver an unpleasant shin scraping. At the end of a big jump, it is possible that your feet will skid down the wall. The likelihood of this happening is increased by poor friction on the wall surface, and also by the angle at which you make contact. To try and stop the feet from sliding down the wall, kick the balls of the feet into the wall as close to 90° as possible. The kick will provide extra friction, but must not push your arms away from where they are about to make contact.

The longer the jump, the more difficult it will be to prevent slippage.

Reverse turning jump

From a finished arm jump position, or having climbed to the top of a pillar, leap off, turning with the fall, to land facing the direction of travel.

Hurdle

Clearing the obstacle entirely in a running jump, usually leaning forward with one foot leading and one foot following.

Flying sidekick

More a martial arts move, but stylish for clearing obstacles of similar height to hurdles. Leap off the left foot while turning the left shoulder slightly to the left. Keep the body as upright as possible, kick out the right foot so that it is horizontal and the foot is also horizontal but at 90° to the leg. Tuck the left foot into the groin. The right hand should be somewhere around the right knee, and the left hand around the left hip. Make Bruce Lee noises while in flight.